We have always gone to the office in the morning, and some will continue to do so for a long time. But if everyone goes there, has been there, will go there, no one has the same. A short history and retrospective of the evolution of the office from antiquity to the present day.
In the beginning
From Antiquity to the Middle Ages, work was reserved for common men and women with little money. From its Latin name "labor", it expresses constraint, pain and suffering. It was only used to describe manual and arduous work. The sciences, arts and letters were not considered as such, and did not fall within the framework of paid activities.
The Romans worked in the tablinum. In ancient times, this was a room in the house similar to a filing room, considered to be the "master's office". So teleworking is not a recent activity, they did it long before us, and it was commonplace. But again, the tasks undertaken in this space should be considered as a hobby.
In the Middle Ages, the first jobs that are similar to those of employees today were held by monks. The space dedicated to their activity was called the scriptorium, and consisted of a writing cabinet and a bench. Each monk had one of these and they often stood in total isolation to transcribe works.
Renaissance: the first coworkers!
It was during the Renaissance in Italy that the first coworking spaces appeared. My first major evolution of the office! Indeed, artists used to meet in workshops to exchange ideas and pool their artistic and scientific knowledge, under the watchful eye of a great master. The space is open with tables and working materials. A well-known workshop is that of Andrea del Verrocchio, whose students included Leonardo da Vinci, Perugino and Sandro Botticelli. If that doesn't make you want to cowork!
International trade and the first commercial headquarters
In the era of the first international exchanges of sovereign states and their colonies, institutions multiplied the creation of centralised administrations also called commercial headquarters. Their purpose was to facilitate administration and monetary distribution. As trade was globalised, centralisation facilitated the process. The large capitals therefore erected imposing buildings that grouped workers together to increase efficiency. The East India Company may be considered the first multinational company.